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Ebook Orang Asing by Albert Camus read! Book Title: Orang Asing
Date of issue: November 2013
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The author of the book: Albert Camus
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 9.82 MB
Edition: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia

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"Novel ini pertama-tama terkenal sebagai perwujudan dari pemikiran Albert Camus tentang filsafat absurd yang telah ditulisnya sebelum itu, dalam bentuk kumpulan esai berjudul Le Mythe de Sysiphe. Absurd adalah suatu pandangan hidup yang khas, bisa dikatakan tropis, yang hanya mungkin digagas oleh orang Eropa, atau orang Barat pada umumnya, yang pernah tinggal di negara tropis. (Pembaca Indonesia akan segera mengenali kecenderungan manusia tropis dalam novel ini, yang eksotik bagi pembaca Barat) Sebagaimana diketahui Albert Camus memang lahir di Mondovi pada tahun 1913, dan dibesarkan di Aljazair. Dari novel ini lahir ungkapan bahwa "la vie ne vaut pas la peine d'être vécue", hidup tak layak dijalani, tentu dalam kaitan dengan absurditas kematian di mata Barat. Kebesaran manusia absurd terletak pada kesadarannya yang jernih atas kondisi hidupnya." (Prof. Apsanti Djokosujatno, Guru Besar FIB UI).

Karya Albert Camus adalah sastra sekaligus filsafat. Demikian intisari bernas tentang karya-karya Albert Camus dari seorang Prof. Benny H. Hoed, guru besar FIB UI. Lahir di Mondovi (sekarang Deraan), Aljazair, 7 November 1913, dan meninggal di Villeblevin, 5 Januari 1960 pada umur 46 tahun dalam sebuah kecelakaan mobik. Camus dikenal sebagai seorang penulis Prancis kelahiran Aljazair yang digolongkan sebagai penulis eksistensialis, tetapi kemudian ia lebih dikenal sebagai seorang absurdis. Camus adalah seorang keturunan Spanyol. Pada tahun 1957 ia dianugerahi Penghargaan Nobel dalam Sastra.

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Ebook Orang Asing read Online! Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Of semi-proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy (only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field), he came to France at the age of twenty-five. The man and the times met: Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time; in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright (e.g., Caligula, 1944). He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun. His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L'Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose "collective creation" Révolte dans les Asturies (1934) was banned for political reasons.

The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Myth of Sisyphus), 1942, expounds Camus's notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with "the total absence of hope, which has nothing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which must not be confused with renouncement - and a conscious dissatisfaction". Meursault, central character of L'Étranger (The Stranger), 1942, illustrates much of this essay: man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later - when the young killer faces execution - tempted by despair, hope, and salvation. Dr. Rieux of La Peste (The Plague), 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus's words: "We refuse to despair of mankind. Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still want to serve them". Other well-known works of Camus are La Chute (The Fall), 1956, and L'Exil et le royaume (Exile and the Kingdom), 1957. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art. He was a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.


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